Penlee House Gallery & Museum, Penzance
The artistic heart of West Cornwall's history

Notes:

Chysauster village - this Roman Iron Age Village was occupied from 100 BC to 300 AD. It comprised eight houses in two rows of four, separated by a winding street. Beyond is another house and the remains of several buildings in the surrounding fields. All the houses have a similar layout on an east-west axis with the entrance at the east. The east-west diameter is approximately 27.432 metres. (90 feet) There is a passage leading from the entrance to an inner courtyard approximately 7.62 metres (25 feet) in diameter. On the far side of the courtyard is a small circular room with chambers radiating from it. Rooms for storage and living were built into the walls which are as thick as 4.26 metres (14 feet) in places. In some of the houses there is evidence of covered stone drains. A quern for grinding grain can be seen at the site, as can a collapsed fougou or underground tunnel. The inhabitants survived by farming and raising livestock. There is evidence of enclosures where livestock could have been corralled. The people were possibly tin streamers. It is feasible that Chysauster came under the protection of the hill fort of Castle an Dinas to the east.

Chysauster Courtyard Village, Near Badgers Cross, Penwith

Record Number: PEZPH : 1996.215
Identification
Full name: Black And White Photograph
Brief description: Chysauster village - this Roman Iron Age Village was occupied from 100 BC to 300 AD. It comprised eight houses in two rows of four, separated by a winding street. Beyond is another house and the remains of several buildings in the surrounding fields. All the houses have a similar layout on an east-west axis with the entrance at the east. The east-west diameter is approximately 27.432 metres. (90 feet) There is a passage leading from the entrance to an inner courtyard approximately 7.62 metres (25 feet) in diameter. On the far side of the courtyard is a small circular room with chambers radiating from it. Rooms for storage and living were built into the walls which are as thick as 4.26 metres (14 feet) in places. In some of the houses there is evidence of covered stone drains. A quern for grinding grain can be seen at the site, as can a collapsed fougou or underground tunnel. The inhabitants survived by farming and raising livestock. There is evidence of enclosures where livestock could have been corralled. The people were possibly tin streamers. It is feasible that Chysauster came under the protection of the hill fort of Castle an Dinas to the east.
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